国立感染症研究所


 

Influenza surveillance is conducted as a part of the National Epidemiological Surveillance of Infectious Diseases (NESID) by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare, Japan.

Clinical specimens and the corresponding patient records are collected in 500 sentinel sites for laboratory-based surveillance. Public Health Institutes isolate influenza viruses from the specimens. Approximately 10-15% of total isolates are randomly selected and sent to the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID). NIID analyze all viruses sent by the Public Health Institutes.

To monitor antiviral-resistant influenza viruses, we test A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2) and B viruses by a combination of phenotypic and genotypic assays.  In the phenotypic assay, viruses are subjected to a neuraminidase (NA) inhibition assay for NA inhibitors, oseltamivir, peramivir, zanamivir, and laninamivir, or a focus reduction assay for baloxavir.  In the genotypic assay, allele-specific TaqMan RT-PCR and/or sequencing of NA, PA, and M2 genes were performed to detect antiviral resistance mutations. 

The data summarized below are results of phenotypic and genotypic assays reported.

   
   2018/2019 influenza season (Sep. 2018-Aug. 2019)

(as of September 24, 2019) NEW

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
   
   2017/2018 influenza season (Sep. 2017-Aug. 2018)

(as of September 24, 2019)  

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
   
   2016/2017 influenza season (Sep. 2016-Aug. 2017)

(as of July 2, 2018)  

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
   
 

2015/2016 influenza season (Sep. 2015-Aug. 2016)

(as of August 4, 2017)   

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
     
 

2014/2015 influenza season (Sep. 2014-Aug. 2015)

(as of March 4, 2016)   

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
     
 

2013/2014 influenza season (Sep. 2013-Aug. 2014)

(as of April 23, 2015)

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
     
 

2012/2013 influenza season (Sep. 2012-Aug. 2013)

(as of March 10, 2014)

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
     
 

2011/2012 influenza season (Sep. 2011-Aug. 2012)

(as of April 11, 2013) 

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
     
 

2010/2011 influenza season (Sep. 2010-Aug. 2011)

(as of February 6, 2013)

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
    Table 3. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by week
     
 

2009/2010 influenza season (Sep. 2009-Aug. 2010)

(as of February 6, 2013)

    Table 1. Detection of antiviral drug-resistant viruses in Japan, [A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), B]
    Table 2. Detection of A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses with H275Y mutation in Japan, Report by prefecture
     
 logo-e Laboratory of influenza virus surveillance and WHO Collaborating Center 
for Reference and Research on Influenza, Tokyo, Japan 
at Influenza Virus Research Center, 
National Institute of Infectious Diseases and
the Influenza Virus Surveillance Group of Japan

Copyright 1998 National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Japan

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